The symbol ♥ people know from ancient times. Signs that resemble the modern designation of the heart or sense of love were found on the fragments of the clay dishes dated to 3 millennia to our era. But unlikely they pointed out that a love drink was kept in this dish. Shards with similar symbols are often found in places where the peoples of Greco-Roman civilization lived: in Malaya Asia, in Crete, at the Apnevena Peninsula, in Greece ... All this spoke about the close cultural relations of these peoples. If you remember ancient Greek mythology, it can be noted that one of the symbols of the god Winemaking Dionysis was ivy - evergreen long-lived plant. A familiar symbol a little resembles ivy leaves.
It turns out that wine was kept in that tableware, which explains such a wide spread of clay fragments throughout the Mediterranean - the drink was one of the main goods for trading. It is not surprising that this symbol is initially associated with people with something good.
Of course, the use of a symbol as the designation of the container for wine cannot fully explain why the same symbol in our time denotes love and human heart. Probably, his progenitor could become a plant called Sylphy - a specific symbol was designated his open pod. Sylphy was truly a universal means of ancient medicine - they were treated by wounds from poisonous arrows, cuts, bruises and even just sore throat. But he gained particular popularity in contraception issues, and some enterprising cities, in the vicinity of which Salphius grown, put the production of antique contraceptives "on the flow". Soon the symbol of the heart ♥ became recognizable throughout the Mediterranean, and the ease in his drawing marked noticeably in a realistic picture.
Another version of the contemporary symbol of the heart is its use in medieval medicine. In those days, the church strictly controlled all sciences, and the autopsy of a person to study his anatomical features was considered terrible sin, both in European and Arab countries. The priests took care that Lecari do not think about the inner structure of the human body, and simply burned all the ancient books on surgery. But the inquisitive human mind and curiosity was not to stop forbids, and many scientists tried to portray the internal organs, based on external observations. In their opinion, the heart was like a tree leaf - it was believed that the blood system nourishes it, just like a sheet feed the juices of a tree. Therefore, the heart and began to be depicted in the form of a symbol known to us, which resembles a leaf.
Be that as it may, the earliest mention of the heart as an object is located in the novel " Le Roman de La Poire "no one medieval writer who lived in France in the 13th century. In one of the fragments, a man gives his little a girl (a little resembles a pear). Almost at the same time, heart symbols appear on the coat of arms of the Danish kingdom.
Gradually, such images are included and increasingly appearing on the coat of arms of noble families. But initially the heart was painted with a sharp end up, and only from the 15th century the image became wider (perhaps returned to the origins when it was like a sheet) and acquired a modern appearance.
In subsequent centuries, the popularity of the symbol has increased even more, and the church played the main role in this. In 1675, Margarita Mary Alacock nuns were vision of Jesus, who commanded her to establish a holiday in honor of his heart. Margarita Maria received support from the church, and in 1684 the world saw a book with a description of her vision, as well as the image of the heart of Jesus, which was very similar to a modern heart symbol. The book has gained tremendous popularity in the whole Christian world, so now everyone knew how to draw the heart correctly. But it is important to understand that the vision of Maria Alacock did not cause the appearance of a heart symbol - it was already known for several centuries - and it was caused by the mass distribution of this image.
And, of course, the greatest role in the fame of the symbol of the heart was played by the spread in medieval Europe of playing cards, namely, the master "Chervy".
Over time, science learned about the structure of the body much more, but the popularity of the drawn heart did not decreased. Numerous bards, artists, and then advertising agents continued to use this symbol in their work. This image has become so familiar and memorable that, probably, will never come out of fashion.
Illustration: Depositphotos | BERNASHAFO