If you arrange a beauty contest among coniferous perennials, then fir from the pine genus could well take first place in it. Dressed in a fluffy fur coat of needles, with upright candlesticks of cones, the fir will ennoble any (even very modest) suburban area with its magnificent persona.
The coniferous beauty is famous for its resinous-tart aroma, which has healing properties. Its smell kills pathogenic microbes - it is just a storehouse of phytoncides that perfectly disinfect the air. It is believed that the smell of fir can warm a suffering soul, inspire optimism, and relieve depression. It is not without reason that many northern peoples still consider the fir a sacred tree. Want to add some health and peace of mind to yourself? Plant a fir tree in your garden. She loves shade, so you can choose the shaded areas of your garden to plant.
Fir has more than 50 varieties: from ornamental shrubs no higher than 50 cm to tall (20-40 m) trees. Almost all types of coniferous beauty have a pyramidal crown structure, broadly spreading branches with fluffy needles, on which oval cones of brownish-brown, violet-blue, purple or yellow color are comfortably perched. Imbued with the healing properties of fir, its decorative charm, frost resistance and unpretentiousness, I decided to plant several fir trees in my dacha, since the territory allows it.
I arrived at the nursery and my eyes fled, I really liked two types of fir: Korean and balsamic, both types are adapted to the Siberian climate - I bought them.
We poured about 30 liters of water into each hole, dug up the bottom of each hole with a half-bay of a shovel, filled in pebbles. A soil mixture mixed with sawdust and fertilizer was poured on top of the pebbles, after which a friend began planting fir. She carefully placed each seedling in the hole, trying not to damage the clod of earth with the roots, and I carefully poured the soil mixture so that the root collar of the seedling was exactly at the level of the soil.
Of course, fir can be propagated by both cone seeds and annual cuttings, but this is quite problematic. Fir seedlings and very young seedlings can become capricious and not settle down in a new place, but 4-5-year-old seedlings from the nursery adapt perfectly in the garden.
While my pets were gaining strength, I just shook over them. Every day I looked: do they have enough moisture? have the twigs grafted? I made a mulching circle with a diameter of 50 cm (later expanded to 1 m), and every September, having freed the foot of the trees from weeds, I sprinkled the near-trunk circle with sawdust (you can use peat). Fir roots grow horizontally, so for the first 2 years after planting, I covered the mulching circle with spruce branches in winter (for 3 years after planting, the fir no longer needs shelter for the winter).
Watered on especially dry days, remembering that the fir does not like waterlogging. There is no need to fertilize seedlings within 2 years after planting. But from the 3rd year, it is necessary to apply 200 g of universal fertilizer under each tree, I applied kemiru-universal 2, once a season. By the way, the lower branches of fir trees root themselves perfectly, but you can "help" them a little - sprinkle them with humus. Fir cannot be called a sissy, but you cannot call it completely easy to care for. She loves constancy and in one place is able to live 200-300 years. It practically does not need pruning, and if you nevertheless deem it necessary to prune branches that are out of the general composition, use ordinary garden shears and cut the branches by no more than 1/3.
Caring for the fir gave me incomparable pleasure, I liked being near my pets, breathing in their resinous aroma with my whole chest. And really - it became easy and pleasant in my soul. But, probably, in our life there is no barrel of honey without even a small fly in the ointment. The harmful hermes aphid is very fond of the beautiful fir. To protect the trees from such a misfortune, I sprayed the branches several times a season.