Interesting facts about horses with which people have linked their lives for centuries due to their hard work and extraordinary beauty.
1. The first horse that appeared 60 million years ago was called Eogippus (Horse of Dawn) by zoologists. She was tiny: weighing just over 5 kilograms and a height of 35 cm. Eogippus had four toes on her front feet and three on her hind feet.
2. Horses that are considered wild these days are actually feral. For example, mustangs are actually the descendants of horses brought to America by the Spaniards in the 16th century. The only species of horse that has never really been tamed is the Asian wild horse.
3. Before domestication 4000 years ago BC in the Middle and Far East they were hunted and sacrificed to the gods and were often placed in burial with the deceased. In the Caucasus, horses were sacrificed until the beginning of the 19th century.
4. Famous horse-owner associations that have gone down in world history include Alexander the Great and the legendary Bucephalus, El Cid (the hero of the Spanish reconquest) and his Babieka, Napoleon and Marengo (named after the battle). The skeleton of Marengo has long been an exhibit at one of the museums in London.
5. An indicator of a horse's age is its teeth. Blessed Jerome in the 4th century, who never took money for his books, put into circulation the famous expression that does not advise examining the teeth of a donated horse.
6. Although horses generally live only 25-30 years, there is written evidence that one of them lived for 62 years. It was "Old Billy" who was born in England and was a draft horse. The first year of a horse's life can be compared to 12 years of human life, the second is comparable to 7 years. The next three years are equal to twelve more, and to each subsequent year, you can add 2.5 human years. This means that in this recalculation, Old Billy lived 173.5 years.
7. The horse's eyes are larger than those of most other animals and can move independently of each other, allowing the horse to only capture a superficial panoramic view. Since the lens of the eye remains unchanged, the horse can concentrate on the image only by turning his head so that direct rays of light fall on the central part of the retina. Horses can also see in color.
8. The horse has an exceptional sense of smell, which helps to smell the rider's nervousness, and in the old days, the owners of a difficult horse to control would lubricate their hands with an aromatic liquid. Horses are also very nervous about the smell of blood.
9. There are about 160 distinct species and breeds of horses in the world, but the Arabian horse breed is the purest and most unique.
10. The Persians were remarkable riders and they dominated the east largely thanks to the Nizay horse, the "super horse" of antiquity. The horse was a status symbol of the Persian Empire, and only aristocrats had the right to own it. Horses were also used by the Persians to play early forms of polo.
11. It is said that Islam was "based on the hoof prints of the Arabian horse" and the care of the horse was even included in the sacred Hadith. Prophet Muhammad descended to earth in a ring of fire on a creature resembling a horse.
12. The goddess of fertility Demeter had in one of her images the head of a black mare, and her priestesses were considered her "foals".
13. White horses were sometimes drowned in the sea as sacrifices to Poseidon, creator of horses and god of the seas.
14. The Hindus associated the horse with space, and the white horse was considered the last incarnation of the god Vishnu.
15. In literature, art and sleep theory, the horse is often a symbol that carries various meanings, ranging from power over beauty to sexual art. The color of the horse is also symbolic: black is mystery and danger; white is a harbinger of the birth of a new life. The Bible describes the colors of the horses of the riders of the Apocalypse: white, red, black and "pale".
16. Some horses can learn to open doors to other horses and set them free.
17. Horses are able to distinguish emotions in the human voice.
18. Horse sleep can be divided into two types, "short wave sleep" and "rapid eye movements", so it is likely that they are dreaming. They get four hours of sleep a day, and they can sleep while standing, thanks to a special device of locking joints.
19. Horses love music, but their taste is selective. They prefer soothing or uplifting instrumental music, but they get annoyed with loud rock.
20. The horse's hoof is an extremely complex and sensitive organ. When the horse's weight weighs on the hoof, blood is forced out of it up the veins. Thus, the hoof acts as a circulation pump.
21. In a herd, one sex does not usually dominate the other; for example, the female can sometimes be quoted higher than the male, and in other cases the opposite is true.
22. The name of the markings on the heads of horses usually depends on their location and size and includes the following epithets: spark, star and flap.
23. Although the word "hippopotamus" means "river horse", the hippopotamus is more closely related to the pig than to the horse.
24. There are many "crazy" horse laws in America, including one of the Utah laws that an unmarried woman can be imprisoned for riding a horse on Sunday. And in some states, a new husband cannot ride a horse alone until he has been married for more than twelve months.
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