The very first site in the world - an interesting fact about which maybe not everyone thought about who was the first among so many sites - this article will tell you about it.
At the beginning of April 2012, experts calculated 676, 919, 707 websites on the Internet. And the very first web site appeared no more than in 1990 and was too little like modern web pages.
As is known, the very first computer networks began to be made back in the 1960s. on the basis of the then already existing cable lines and radio transmission channels, the military and government organizations of the United States. The Internet, to which each of us is now so addicted, was not yet present, and its "prototype" was the ARPAnet network.
In the 1970s, when the ARPAnet already contained as many as 15 nodes, electronic mail emerged: in 1971 a corresponding protocol was developed, the @ symbol became a mandatory part of the e-mail address, but in 1972, Ray Tomlison made 1- th mail client - Telnet.
The Web "appeared" in 1983, when the common TCP / IP protocol was adopted on January 1. Although so far, it was only about the creation of an Internet information transfer network. Regarding the WWW service, which is now almost everyone equates with Online in general, there was still another 8 years to be expected before its release.
The very first in the world (in the history of the world's population!) Website was created in early May 1990 by Timothy John Bernes-Lee, an employee of the Euro Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) (who a year earlier invented the concept of the HTTP protocol and the system of uniform resource addresses URL) and collaborator Robert Caillaux. This website was named info.cern.ch. This URL is present to this day, although now there is a "memorial" web page dedicated to the "birth" of the WWW service. A copy (screenshot) of the very first website can be found at:
The interface of the very first website is noticeably too basic. The browser itself (also, it will not be superfluous to note that made by Bernes-Lee) could not yet operate with computer graphics (and especially with multimedia), and the website was purely textual. Some words in this text ended with serial numbers written in square brackets: these were links. To navigate through them, it was required to enter suitable quantities from the keyboard - from 1 to 45 (there were so many hyperlinks on this very 1 web page). Well, at the very bottom there was a line with a prompt and a command line (as in MS-DOS); it existed on the screen all the time, and other lines - in fact, a web document - could be scrolled up and down on the screen.
The server on which this website was located was PC NeXT with the following hardware data (these are reference characteristics similar to PC NeXT; the exact characteristics of the very first web server, sadly, have not been preserved):
• Processor - Motorola 68030 (32-bit, 24 MHz);
• RAM - from 8 to 64 MB ();
• hard disk - 330 or 660 MB;
• magneto-optical disk - 256 MB;
• network adapter - 10Base-2 Ethernet.
In general, Timothy Bernes-Lee first invented the HTTP protocol and the HTML language, taking into account the ability to display graphics, format a word and personally highlight hyperlinks in it, which are just a click of the mouse. Including the recreation of sound and video using links was already incorporated into these theoretical studies from the very beginning. However, the very first graphical browser Mosaic appeared exclusively in 1993, as soon as the World Wide Internet already had more than one hundred websites.
1. HTTP - Hypertext transfer protocol, which is used in the global network to transfer information from sites.
2. Timothy John Bernes-Lee: Developer of the World Wide Internet - HTTP Protocol, HTML Language, First Web Site, First Browser and HTML Editor.
3. 1st page of those. the proposal spelled out by Bernes-Lee in 1989.
4. Copy (screenshot) of the world's first website
5. Browser site editor, implemented by Bernes-Lee on PC NeXT.
6. A similar screenshot taken in 1993.
7. This is how the world's first web server looked like.
8. Robert Kayo is an employee of Timothy Bernes-Lee, co-author of the world's first web site and the world's 1st web surfer.