As everyone knows, anesthesia is bringing a patient into a state of artificial sleep with partial or complete loss of consciousness, as well as loss of sensitivity to pain. Today the Internet magazine "Did you know?" as on any other day, I prepared shocking facts about anesthesia for you. In 1545, many pots, flasks, bottles of various medicines and a large wooden hammer were found in the cabin of an English doctor on the wreck "Mary Rose". It was he who was intended for anesthesia.
Later, mankind abandoned the hammer and used infusions of sleeping herbs for anesthesia - hemp, opium poppy, henbane, hemlock and hemlock. In some cases, a sponge was impregnated with the infusion of the same herbs, and then set on fire. Outgoing vapors put the patient to sleep. The danger was that it could have an effect on the doctor as well. The hammer was replaced by chemistry in the middle of the 19th century. Substances have appeared that are capable of turning off consciousness. Thus, the operation could be performed without pain. Dentists were among the first to use it.
Dentist Riggs came up with the idea of using nitrous oxide as anesthesia, but in those days they did not yet know that nitrous oxide must be mixed with oxygen for safety, because such removal almost ended tragically. Another dentist and surgeon, Dr. William Morton, who was born in Boston, found that his test subjects could easily tolerate painful operations if they were allowed to breathe ether before the operation.
The research gave a good result and it was decided to use it in everyday practice. At the beginning of the 19th century, a Japanese surgeon Seishu Hanaoka tried the possibility of using a mixture of six different alkaloids for anesthesia. His mother and wife were summoned as volunteers, but he chose a spouse, arguing: "A man has only one mother." Today, to great happiness, medicine at a high level and into a state of anesthesia can be introduced by a person without a hammer.