7 ABANDONED "MIRACLES" of the USSR - the title of a small article that contains information about unusual buildings and their purposes.
After the collapse of the USSR, the young states inherited many secret and not very military facilities. The economy of some newly-made states simply could not afford the maintenance of these top-secret complexes, while others were simply unnecessary, so the buildings gradually rusted and fell into disrepair.
Over-the-horizon radar Duga, Pripyat, Ukraine
A gigantic structure that took 5 years to build and was completed in 1985. The main task of this complex was in the detection of launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles. The building was built for centuries and could successfully function to this day, but the reality is that the Duga radar station worked for less than a year. A huge antenna with a height of 150 meters and a length of 800 consumed a huge amount of electricity, so it was built near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, and, as you already understood, it stopped working with the explosion of the station.
Balaklava, Crimea, Ukraine
Balaklava is a top-secret submarine base located in the Crimean city of Balaklava and is one of the largest military installations, under the arches of which up to 14 submarines could be accommodated. This military base was built in 1961 and abandoned in 1993, immediately after the collapse of the USSR. Balaklava is located right under Tavros, the complex was located. According to knowledgeable people, the base was a transit point where submarines were repaired, refueled and replenished with ammunition (including nuclear). Balaklava was built for centuries and can even withstand a direct nuclear strike. But now it is just an abandoned military complex, which was dismantled by local residents, although in 2002 it was decided to erect a museum complex on the ruins of a submarine base, but nothing has gone beyond words.
Dvina Rocket Mine, Kekava, Latvia
After the collapse of the great power, many young republics got secret military facilities, the existence of which they did not even suspect. For example, near the city of Riga (Latvia), in the forests, the remnants of the Dvina missile complex hid from prying eyes. This military complex was built in 1964 and consisted of 4 silos. Now the mines 34.6 meters deep are partially flooded, but anyone who wants to take a local stalker as a guide will be able to go down into the depths of Dvin and walk through the abandoned complex. They say that there is a large amount of rocket fuel left in the missile silos, which, although not radioactive, is very poisonous, so I advise you to think carefully before going on an excursion to this place.
Lopatinsky phosphorite mine, Moscow region
Before the collapse of the USSR, the Lopatinsky phosphate mine was an active deposit, where the minerals and minerals necessary for the production of agricultural fertilizers were mined. After 1993, the rich field was closed, leaving all the equipment there. So the Lopatinsky phosphorite mine with its giant bucket excavators became a place of pilgrimage for tourists from all over the world. If you decide to explore this unusual place, then you should hurry up with a visit, because the locals are dragging everything that is not fastened, and in a few years there will not be any of the iron monsters left there. Although the popularity of this place is unlikely to fall: the unearthly landscapes of the Lopatinsky mine will remain a very remarkable place.
Station for the study of the ionosphere, Zmiev, Ukraine
This station was built literally a year before the collapse of the Soviet Union near Kharkov and was a direct analogue of the American HAARP project in Alaska, which is successfully functioning today. The giant complex consisted of several antenna fields and a giant parabolic antenna with a diameter of 25 meters, capable of emitting power of the order of 25 MW. But the newly-minted Ukrainian state did not need advanced, and very expensive, scientific equipment, and today only stalkers and hunters for non-ferrous metals are interested in the plundered station. And of course, tourists!
Oil Rocks Sea City, Azerbaijan
In the 40s of the last century, offshore oil production began in the Caspian Sea, 42 kilometers east of the Absheron Peninsula. Soon, cities began to be built around the first platforms, also located on metal overpasses and embankments. For example, power plants, nine-storey dormitories, hospitals, a cultural center, a bakery and even a lemonade workshop were built on the open sea 110 km from Baku. What can I say, the oilmen even had their own small park with real trees.
The city of Oil Rocks is more than 200 stationary platforms, and the length of the streets and lanes of the sea city reaches 350 kilometers. Soon, cheaper Siberian oil appeared, which made offshore production unprofitable and the offshore town began to fall into desolation. Oddly enough, but the Oil Rocks cannot be called a ghost town, because to this day, about 2, 000 people live there.
Abandoned particle accelerator, Moscow Region
In the late 1980s, the agonizing Soviet Union decided to build a huge particle accelerator. The ring tunnel 21 kilometers long, lying at a depth of 60 meters, is now located near Protvino, a city of nuclear physicists, near Moscow. It is less than a hundred kilometers from Moscow along the Simferopol highway. They even began to bring equipment into the already finished accelerator tunnel, but then a series of political upheavals broke out, and the domestic “hadron collider” remained rotting underground.