Mold under the microscope

Why did Alexander the Great impregnate the wooden elements of ships and piles of bridges with olive oil? For what purpose did Noah tarry the ark and what is the "curse of Tutankhamun"? The answer to all these questions is the same: gluttonous microorganisms penetrate everywhere. Even by studying samples from the sites of ancient settlements, scientists have found a viable mold. Under the microscope, a world unprecedented in its ominous beauty opened up ... You can also join it by purchasing an Altami microscope.

In 2006, sensational news flew around the planet: a unique experiment called "Biorisk" was carried out in orbit. To the outer surface of the station were attached capsules with fungal reproduction organs - spores. For a year and a half, microorganisms were in space flight, in zero gravity, were exposed to natural radiation. Upon subsequent study of the mold under a microscope, it became clear that radiation, harmful to humans, is just a source of nutrition for mold. In addition, microorganisms become more aggressive after exposure to radiation. Similar conclusions were made when studying under a microscope the mold extracted from under the sarcophagus of the power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

What is this mysterious microorganism? You will be surprised, but mold is mushrooms. Under the microscope, you can see the similarities and differences between representatives of this special kingdom of living nature, both with plants and with animals. Molds, as well as plants, absorb the substances necessary for nutrition from the entire surface. And animals, as you remember, swallow. However, fungi, unlike plants, do not take part in the process of photosynthesis, cannot feed on carbon dioxide, synthesizing organic molecules of substances. Mold is capable of using ready-made organic matter in the form of animal and plant tissue remains.

Looking ahead - and we have to study this wonderful world under a microscope! - Let's say that fungi have a cellular structure, as befits bacteria. But in a bacterial cell, which is clearly visible in the lens of a digital microscope, there is no nucleus, while an elementary structural unit of a moldy fungus can have several nuclei. This microorganism is similar to plants by the presence of dense cell walls, the ability to grow and immobility. Attributing mold to animals allows signs such as the formation of urea, the type of metabolism, the presence of chitin, and others. And if plants produce organic matter from minerals and carbon dioxide, then mold, like a bacteria, destroys it.

"Mold" is not even a pseudo-scientific name, but a common name. Scientists classify microorganisms as oomycetes, marsupials, and imperfect fungi. They are common almost everywhere: they are found both in a person's home and in the external environment. Indoors, mold spores, which serve as reproduction, float in the air along with viruses and bacteria. If you're lucky, you can see through the lens of a digital microscope the growth of molds. So, the mushroom has a "box" containing the seed, which is thrown out at the slightest mechanical impact. The preferred conditions for the growth and reproduction of a microorganism are humid places subject to temperature changes. It is worth buying a microscope to see a fascinating sight: an astronomical number of bursting "boxes". Therefore, all types of mold are extremely viable.

Interestingly, there are up to 500 microscopic spores in a cubic meter of air masses. They fly as independent particles, ranging in size from 2 to 8 microns, and also form complex structures with other dust microparticles. Molds are the only protozoan organisms that can reproduce sexually. The specific gravity of the content of mold in the air depends on seasonal fluctuations, but there are also fungi that form a seed all year round. For example, Penicillium, which is a white mold, is used all year round for fermenting fermented milk cheeses.

So, let's get down to exploring the extraordinary world. Under a microscope, one can see the "architecture" of a mold colony: continuous interweaving and branching of filaments, endless chains of spores, long or in the form of clusters. The world under the microscope is revealed in a riot of colors: bright orange, yellow or crimson drops of secretions glisten on the surface of velvet, fleecy threads. One should buy a microscope for every designer to experiment with microorganisms and draw inspiration from there for collections.

The micropreparation can be grown by yourself in a few days, leaving a piece of bread in a plastic bag. After a few days, you will find that the nutrient medium is covered with a green fluffy bloom - these are moldy fungi. Under a microscope, this microorganism consists of long, colorless filaments with two branches. On some there are small black "boxes" with spores, while others, shorter ones, penetrate the bread pulp, helping the body to gain a foothold in one place. These "roots" absorb the nutrients necessary for the growth of the fungi. Under the microscope, mold looks like a gorgeous flower, and it is puzzling why it is destroyed as soon as it is found.

Putrefaction spots that appear immediately after the death of a plant or animal organism cause disgust in people. What is happening becomes clear only under a microscope: mold appears where it is comfortable. Billions of spores cover the entire surface of the product. A digital microscope at multiple magnifications reveals the most complete picture. It has recently become known that this microorganism is trainable. Japanese researchers put the slimy mushroom in the refrigerator for 10 minutes, and then found that it freezes every time before being immersed in the cold. Scientists were able to develop a conditioned reflex in mold. Under the microscope, it became clear that the microorganism possesses the rudiments of memory. In addition, the mushroom took part in an experiment, during which the microorganism learned to overcome the maze.

Yes, mold under a microscope is admirable until you know what harm it can do to human health. Her spores provoke allergies, a number of diseases of the respiratory system. Toxins can lead to liver cancer when they build up in the body. It has been proven that the microorganism is the cause of such blood diseases as leukemia. Mold-affected products must be disposed of without regret.

You need to know the enemy by sight: mold is fraught with more than one danger ... The raised topic is extensive and is subject to deeper study. Altami microscopes will help you take your first step into a world of bewitching sinister beauty.