Refers to states, but relevant for any other country.
Drunk driving is responsible for about one-third of all road deaths in the United States and worldwide.
In 2007, drinking alcohol while driving killed an estimated 13, 000 Americans.
On average, in the United States, every 40 minutes someone dies due to the fault of a drunk driver.
About three out of ten Americans have had a drunken accident at some point in their lives.
More than 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs in 2007.
By law, in all 50 states of the United States, a driver is considered drunk when the blood alcohol content is at or above 0.08 grams per deciliter (g / dl).
To reach a concentration of 0.08 g / dl, a person weighing about 78 kilograms must consume 4 glasses of alcohol in one hour on an empty stomach. For a woman weighing about 64 kilograms, three glasses of alcohol will be enough for the same period of time.
It will take about six hours after drinking to completely remove alcohol from the body.
Since alcohol dissolves in large volumes in water, its maximum concentration is reached in the liver, kidneys, and also the brain.
Even with blood alcohol levels as low as 0.02 g / dl, it can significantly affect a person's response to time, impairing the ability to drive a car. The likelihood of an accident increases significantly after 0.05 g / dl of alcohol in the blood, and even more rapidly after 0.08 g / dl.
A driver with an alcohol content of 0.08 g / dl is 11 times more likely to have an accident than one who was completely sober.
In 2007, more than half of drunk drivers who were involved in fatal accidents had a blood alcohol level of 0.15 g / dL, nearly double the legal limit.
Accidents involving drunk drivers are more likely to occur at night than during the day. In 2007, 36% of motorists who had an accident at night were drunk, compared with only 9% during the day.
About 75% of fatal alcohol-related accidents occur between midnight and 3 am.
High rates of drunk driving are found among drivers aged 21-24. This age group accounts for 35% of the total number of drunken driving.
Motorcycle riders are at greater risk of fatal drunken accidents.
Nearly 75% of drunk motorists involved in fatal collisions were not wearing their seat belts.
Alcohol-related accidents occur 2 times more often on weekends than during the rest of the time.
State laws use two different abbreviations to describe a drunk driver - DWI and DUI. DWI is characterized as “drunk driving, ” and generally only refers to alcohol, while DUI stands for “drunk driving, ” and may refer to alcohol or drugs.
Beer is the most common type of alcoholic beverage, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA). In addition, this drink is most consumed by minors and is an essential attribute of youth drinking.
Narcotic substances (such as marijuana and cocaine) are responsible for 18% of fatal car accidents and are most commonly used in combination with alcohol.
Men are about twice as likely as women to drive drunk and have major accidents.
All 50 states and the District of Columbia now have "zero tolerance" laws that make alcohol illegal for people under the age of 21 and prohibit driving with a blood alcohol content of 0.02 g / dl and above.
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (Madd), one of the most active political groups in the fight against alcohol driving, was formed in 1980 in Irving, Texas by a woman named Candice Lightner. She formed the group after her teenage daughter was run over to death by a drunk driver, but later left the organization after feeling that her attitude towards drunk drivers changed in general towards all people who drink alcohol.
The state of Wyoming has the status of the most dangerous accident involving drunk drivers, 13 deaths for every 100, 000 people each year. The same figures in New York are significantly lower, approximately 2.06% per 100 thousand inhabitants.
A terrible drunk driver accident happened in the United States in 1988 near the state border in Kentucky. The driver of a passenger car with a blood alcohol content of 0.24 g / dl provoked a head-on collision with a school bus. Subsequently, due to the resulting fire, 27 people died (most of them children) and another 34 people were injured.
Determining your blood alcohol level is easy enough. Police and medical personnel use an alcometer, which works on the principle of analyzing exhaled vapors from the lungs.
According to one study, mobile phones while driving can be as dangerous as driving while intoxicated. Talking drivers simply stop responding to traffic lights and the surrounding traffic. The facts on the basis of which the NHTSA believe that more than 100 million Americans use the phone while driving are frightening, of which 8% communicate through correspondence.
In 2006, at least 40% of drunk drivers involved in fatal accidents significantly exceeded speed limits on certain sections of the road.
Somewhere from 50% to 75% of drivers who have lost their license due to alcohol while driving continue to drive cars without proper documents.