Butterflies are airy, weightless creatures familiar to many of us. Beautiful or not, they are all living proof of the amazingness of nature. When they are born as caterpillars, they acquire wings and fly away, in order to then again leave offspring in the form of caterpillars. Butterflies are amazing, and the variety of their species can amaze anyone.
The smallest butterfly, acetosia, has a wingspan of only about 2 millimeters. The largest, tizania agrippina has up to 28 millimeters.
Butterflies, like elephants, feed on the trunk. More precisely, the proboscis.
In total, there are about 165 thousand species of butterflies and moths in the world. Yes, exactly thousands! Moreover, most of them prefer to lead a nocturnal lifestyle.
Hawk moths, nocturnal moths, can howl in a wolfish manner. This howling hum mimics that of a queen bee, allowing the hawk maker to enter the bee hive unhindered and feast on honey, which makes up a fair share of its diet.
Butterflies are found on all continents except Antarctica.
The eyes of a butterfly are composed of more than a thousand faceted elements each.
The receptors responsible for taste are found on the paws of butterflies.
Some species of butterflies, during their very short life, lay more than a thousand eggs, from which caterpillars then hatch.
Many other species like birds and chameleons readily feed on butterflies.
The northernmost of the butterflies live less than a thousand kilometers from the North Pole on the Canadian island of Queen Elizabeth.
In China, India and some countries of South America, the population does not hesitate to eat butterflies.
Some species of butterflies can develop a speed of over 60 km / h during flight, covering a distance equal to twenty to thirty thousand lengths of their own body per minute of flight.
Most butterflies are afraid of water, but, for example, a lilac moth can calmly emerge if it accidentally falls into the water, dust itself off and fly further.
Monarch butterflies understand medicinal plants and know how to use them for medicinal purposes if their offspring need help.
Butterflies lack an organ like a heart.
Butterflies distinguish only three colors - red, yellow and green.
There are also vampire butterflies that feed in the same way as mosquitoes do - calipra eustrigata. However, only males feed on blood, while females prefer plant food.
The skeleton of a butterfly, more precisely, an exoskeleton, is not inside its body, but outside. All internal organs are inside it.
The cabbage butterfly is very prolific. If all the offspring of at least one cabbage plant survived, so many of its descendants would be born during the season that they would weigh three times more than all people on Earth put together.
In China, butterflies are considered a symbol of love and lovers.