Interesting facts about mustard plasters

Mustard plasters are an old medicine from childhood, which we often undeservedly forget. And even if we remember, we do not always apply it correctly, and the expected effect does not come. But this is a very effective remedy that does not require large costs and efforts. Throughout the centuries-old history of its existence, mustard has been a well-known spice in many countries, not only for its excellent taste, but also for its amazing medicinal properties.

Bearing in the ancient Indian language the name "destroying leprosy", "warming", mustard already in the first millennia of our era was widely used in the folk medicine of Ancient Greece and Rome (the first mention of the miraculous properties of wild mustard dates back to the 1st century BC. ) Even Hippocrates believed that medicinal substances are found in nature in an optimal form and medicinal plants in an unprocessed form and in the form of juices have the best effect on the human body. The medicine of ancient Rome developed under the strong influence of Greek medicine.

The works of the ancient Roman physician Galen were of great importance not only for ancient Roman medicine, but also for the subsequent development of medicine and pharmacology. Galen argued that plants have two principles: one of them has a healing effect on a sick organism, the other is useless or even harmful. To extract the healing properties of plants, Galen invented a technology for producing such dosage forms as tinctures and extracts. He also described the manufacture of powders, pills, ointments, plasters, mustard plasters, fees. What kind of potions Galen did not prepare! He laid the foundation not only for physiology, but also for pharmaceutical science - pharmacology, and his name was preserved in it: all kinds of herbal medicines are called "galenic preparations". The simplest type of such a drug is the well-known mustard plaster.

The homeland of gray (Sarepta) mustard is considered to be Eastern China, from which this spice first came to India, and then from there it "migrated" to other countries of Asia and southern Europe. In Russia, gray mustard first appeared as a weed, accidentally brought to the Lower Volga region from Asian countries along with imported millet and flax. And it is called Sarepta because of the city of Sarepta (now one of the districts of Volgograd). Even before the revolution, there was a kind of center for processing mustard for oil and mustard plasters. It is curious that the pungent properties of mustard were also used in cooking and in medicine, so mustard poultices are by no means a modern invention. Mustard plasters in the form in which we are used to seeing them today were invented in 1866 by the French pharmacist Jean-Paul Rigollo. The active ingredient in mustard seeds is sinigrin glycoside, which is broken down into sugar, sulphate sulphate and allyl mustard oil in the presence of water. It is this oil that determines the specific smell and burning taste of mustard, it also causes skin irritation and a rush of blood to this place, which relieves the inflammatory process.

In pharmacies, sheets of special rectangular paper are sold, covered with a thin uniform layer of fat-free gray (Sarepta) mustard powder, which is fixed with a solution of rubber and rosin on gasoline. A good mustard plaster has a yellow color, the mustard mass is evenly distributed, adheres firmly to the paper and does not crumble from it. In dry form, it does not smell, and when wetted, a pungent characteristic smell of mustard immediately appears. But you can cook mustard plasters yourself. To do this, mustard powder is mixed in equal proportions with potato or wheat flour and water is added until a homogeneous mass of pasty consistency is obtained, which is then applied in an even layer on a piece of dense cloth and covered with gauze or tissue paper. The mustard enzyme in an anhydrous environment has almost no healing properties, since it is water that causes the release of essential oil. Water, the temperature is 37 ° - 40 °, is considered the most optimal for the action of mustard plasters. WHERE TO PUT KITCHNIKI For colds

Rub the soles of the feet and chest with turpentine or kerosene, put mustard plasters on the chest and upper back and warm them with a heating pad through a towel. Immediately after the onset of a cold, put mustard plasters to the heels from below and bandage with flannel. Then you should put on warm woolen stockings and keep the mustard plasters as long as possible (usually from an hour to 2 hours). Then remove the mustard plasters and walk quickly for a while. It is best used in the evening before bedtime. The runny nose will stop before dawn. In case of chronic rhinitis, mustard powder is poured into socks and walked like that for several days. The remedy is simple, old-fashioned. Putting mustard plasters between the shoulder blades or on the calves of the legs is especially good with high blood pressure. The headache will disappear. For insomnia If insomnia is caused by a rush of blood to the head, then it is useful to apply mustard plasters or grated horseradish to the calves of the legs.

At the same time, it is recommended to drink pickled cucumber brine with honey, which weakens well (for 1 glass of brine, 1 tablespoon of honey). For sore joints Mix 50 g of camphor, 50 g of mustard powder and 100 g of crude protein. In 200 ml of alcohol, successively dissolve first camphor, then mustard. Beat the protein separately. Mix both compounds together and rub it over sore joints overnight. Thoroughly mix 50 g of dry camphor, 50 g of dry mustard and 10 g of pure alcohol. Add 6 eggs with white shells to the mixture and mix thoroughly again. At night, lubricate sore joints with this remedy. After 20 minutes, the ointment should be removed from the body with a damp towel. Lubricate the joints daily and always with a freshly prepared compound. For rheumatism Take 200 g of salt and 100 g of dry mustard, add 100 ml of refined kerosene to them to make a mixture like sour cream.

Rub the mixture into a sore spot dry overnight, and then wrap it up with something warm. This same remedy is better than any glycerin and creams to help soften the hands. They cannot be used for purulent skin diseases, neurodermatitis, eczema, psoriasis in the acute period, with pulmonary hemorrhage, malignant neoplasms, high body temperature (above 38 ° C), individual mustard intolerance. In addition, mustard plasters are contraindicated for those suffering from bronchial asthma, since the pungent smell of mustard can cause an attack of suffocation.