If your place of residence is Russia, great and immense, then you can hardly visit all corners of this vast country. But if you live in a dwarf country, then to visit all the sights of the state, as well as other secret corners, you will only need one day.
So, we present to your attention the top 10 dwarf states or the smallest countries on our globe.
This list is headed by Vatican. As you know, this is a closed city and a state rolled into one. It is located in Italy, in the city of Rome. The area of this city is only 44 hectares. The Vatican was founded just over 80 years ago, in 1929 and is headed by the Pope. Of the sights of this state, very beautiful structures are distinguished. The most famous are the Apostolic Palace - the residence of the Pope, as well as the Sistine Chapel, St. Peter's Basilica and many others. They are considered the most beautiful in the world.
It is noteworthy that half of the area of this small town is occupied by the Vatican Gardens. The official population is only a little over 800 people. Also, several thousand Italians come here to work every day.
The Vatican is followed by Monaco. This country is the second in the list of the smallest countries on the planet. The area of this state has grown significantly over the past 20 years thanks to the drainage of the sea. Now Monaco covers an area of 2, 02 square kilometers. Also Monaco is the second small state with a monarchical system of government.
An interesting fact is that this country is considered one of the most abundantly populated countries in the world and the number of inhabitants is in the region of 30 thousand. Tourism is the main income of this country.
In third place is a country with an unfamiliar name - Nauru. It is located in Micronesia in the South Pacific Ocean. The occupied area is 21.3 square kilometers. The Republic of Nauru is the smallest island nation in the entire world. This country gained independence in 1968, but for three thousand years the aborigines lived there. Today there are 9 thousand people in Nauru. This state has no armed forces.
The fourth place was given to an equally unfamiliar country - Tuvalu. She, like Nauru, is located in the South Pacific. Its area is 26 square kilometers. Also, this country includes a small number of coral islands. In the past, these islands were called Ellis Islands and belonged to Britain. In 1978 Tuvalu became independent from the British. The population of the country is 10, 5 thousand people. Tuvalu cannot live independently and have to accept help from other countries because it lacks natural resources.
5. San Marino
The territory of the fifth dwarf state on the list San Marino is 61 square kilometers. It has the smallest number of residents from the countries of the European Council. San Marino is the oldest independent country in the world. The date of its foundation is September 3, 301. San Marino, oddly enough, is one of the most monetary countries on our planet, because its income is much higher than its expenses.
In sixth place is Liechtenstein - a state that borders Austria and Switzerland. The area is 160.4 square kilometers. Liechtenstein is landlocked, but it is one of the richest countries, because the number of registered companies exceeds the number of residents.
7. Marshall Islands
Seventh - Marshall Islands. They are located in the very center of the Pacific Ocean and consist mainly of coral islands. The territory is impressive - 181 square kilometers, and the population is in the region of 62 thousand inhabitants. These Islands gained independence from the United States in 1986, but without America's help, they simply would not have been able to stay afloat. The United States regularly provides support to the Marshall Islands. As it is already clear, this state has no natural resources. Imports of goods are much more than exports.
The number eight is Seychelles. They are located slightly north of Madagascar. They include 115 islands of the Indian Ocean. The total area is 455 square kilometers. The population is 84 thousand people. This state can exist by exporting cinnamon, vanilla and coconut. But tourism is the main source of income. This happened after the country cut off its independence in 1976.
The ninth place belongs to the famous Maldives. This island republic is located in the Indian Ocean. Due to the size of its territory, it is the smallest country in Asia. Its area is 298 square kilometers, and the population is 396 thousand people. The capital of the country is Male, where 2/3 of all residents of the country live. Previously, the country's development was supported by the export of dried tuna, coconut ropes and cowrie shellfish, now tourism is the main income of the Maldives.
10. Saint Kitts and Nevis
And finally, in last place - Federation Saint Kitts and Nevis. This dwarf state is located in Western India - on the islands of the Atlantic Ocean between South and North America. This country occupies 2 islands with a total area of 261 square kilometers. In history it is noted that these are the first islands that were inhabited by Europeans. The main source of profit is tourism, but offshore banking and agriculture are also developed here.