Colossus of Rhodes - a building that participates in the seven wonders of the world. A small island in the Aegean Sea, not far from modern Turkey, will forever be engraved in history as the site of the construction of a majestic ear, a statue of the god Helios. The magnificent Kolos of Rhodes, although it existed for a short time, remained forever imprinted in history as one of the wonders of the world.
There was a port town on the island of Rhodes, inhabited mainly by sailors and merchants. Life on the island was predominantly quiet, as the inhabitants tried not to interfere in conflicts and remain neutral. Such a policy did not always give results, as a result of which the island was repeatedly conquered and invaded.
After a particularly long Greek siege of the island, which lasted about a year and ended with the complete surrender of the Greeks, it was decided to build a huge statue dedicated to the god Helios, because it was its inhabitants of Rhodes who thanked the Greeks for the victory and surrender. The victory of the inhabitants of Rhodes over the Greeks at the end of the 4th century BC was marked by a great celebration. After that, the rulers of the city decided to build a magnificent statue of the god Helios, who, in their opinion, helped them in the battle with the Greeks. The construction of the statue was carried out from trophy items that the Greeks left behind in retreat. The captured weapons and equipment were sold, and the proceeds were used to buy copper for the construction of the statue.
The exact location of the statue, as well as its exact dimensions, are not known. According to some reports, its height was 33 meters. The famous sculptor Hareth worked on its creation, and a huge number of slaves were in his submission. The construction of the statue took 12 years, which was a fairly fast time by the standards of that time. An iron frame was created for the statue, which was sheathed with bronze sheets, so the statue remained hollow. For its greater stability, the cavities were filled with waste rock, which was specially brought from all over the island. It is noteworthy that the statue was filled with stones as it was erected, which made it possible to avoid the effects of several strong earthquakes, which happened during the construction of the Colossus of Rhodes. The chalk statue is impressive, it does not cause controversy, but its location was more likely in the city center, perhaps in the central square, and not in the Rhodes harbor as it is commonly believed. At its narrowest point, the harbor reaches about 400 meters, with all the splendor of the statue of Helios, it is difficult to imagine that she rested her feet on two different banks.
The official opening of the Colossus of Rhodes took place in 280 BC. After its opening, the statue stood for exactly 50 years, unable to withstand the next earthquake, cracked in the knee area and fell to the ground. It is noteworthy that, on the advice of the Oracles, the statue was ordered not to be removed, and not to be restored, considering its fall as a sign of the gods, after which, in a recumbent state, the Colossus spent another 900 years. But even after the fall, the Colossus of Rhodes did not lose its popularity, hundreds and hundreds of travelers came to Rhodes just to look at the fragments of the magnificent statue.
The inglorious end of the statue came in 654 AD, when the Syrian king, after capturing Rhodes, decided to disassemble the statue, removing all the copper shell from it for his needs. It is noteworthy that, in order to bring copper to his city, he needed 90 camels, there was so much of it. After such a barbaric treatment, the statue could not be restored, which is undoubtedly a deplorable fact for modern history and archeology.