While Microsoft's frivolous fans are puppy-like installing Windows 10, their wiser counterparts are scrutinizing the license agreement. Recall that the trial version of Windows 10 contained many conditions unacceptable for a sane person. Are these points preserved in the final version?
Problem # 1: Microsoft collects and stores the history of web pages visited by the user, passwords to sites, names of access points to which the user connected, and passwords to them. The problem is that the data is tied to a Microsoft account, the password for which can be hacked or stolen. In this case, the attacker will be able to find out literally everything about his victim. In addition, US law requires IT companies to disclose information about their clients at the request of the court and intelligence services. It turns out that in fact the user himself collects and submits a dossier that can be used against him.
Of course, data synchronization can (and should) be turned off. Microsoft decided to enable this option by default. Apparently, in the hope that most Windows 10 users are unlikely to become interested in the details of the implementation of this so-called synchronization.
Problem # 2: the Cortana virtual assistant, which many have already called the Cortana virtual spy. Under the Windows 10 license agreement, Microsoft has the right to collect various types of user data for the operation of Cortana:
fragments of mail correspondence and SMS;
data on calls made: who called whom, how often.
data about scheduled events from the custom calendar;
data from the contact book;
In addition, for the service to work, information about the use of your device will be collected: for how long the alarm is set, what music is on the device, what programs were installed, what searches were made, etc. Of course, the user's voice samples will also be sent to Microsoft servers for processing.
It should be noted that for Russian users, some of the functions will traditionally not work, including Cortana.
Problem # 3: Tracking users by a third party. We already know that Windows 10 will be stuffed with ads. This explains the "generosity" of Microsoft, which decided to give away Windows 10 for free. In order to inventory all advertising consumers, they will be assigned a unique advertising ID. Advertisers will have access to this number. In other words, marketers will be able to track user behavior. Like all the other "innovations" in Windows 10, user tracking by unique number was borrowed (see article "Have you already got your inventory number from Google?").
Don't forget to turn off advertising ID sharing on all your Windows 10 devices!
Problem # 4. The encryption key is also kept by Microsoft. It's amazing, but if you encrypted your data on the device using the standard BitLocker program, then not only you, but also Microsoft will have the data access key. The Windows 10 license states that the password will be copied to OneDrive servers controlled by Microsoft. As mentioned earlier, the company will be obliged to issue this key at the request of the authorized bodies, which makes encryption in Windows 10 completely meaningless.
Be sure to install a trusted third-party encryption program.
Problem # 5. Microsoft may control your data. This is just a marvelous clause in the Windows 10 license:
We will access, disclose and preserve personal data, including your content (such as the content of your emails, other private communications or files in private folders), when we have a good faith belief that doing so is necessary to protect our customers or enforce the terms governing the use of the services.
Personal correspondence, local files and other personal information can be disclosed not only at the request of the authorities, but simply if Microsoft thinks that this is necessary for some kind of protection of their customers.