The Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Yuri Borisov reported quite sensational news - he said that "the Russian Armed Forces received separate samples of laser weapons."
At the same time, Borisov stressed that these are not experimental, but already "combat" samples of laser weapons, which have already been adopted by the Russian army.
It should be noted that even international experts assess the success of the United States in creating a full-fledged laser weapon either as "attempts to repeat the successes of the USSR", or as "one-time developments for the prestige of the American army."
Speaking at a meeting dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center in Sarov, Borisov explained "This is not exotic, not experimental, prototypes - we have already adopted individual samples of laser weapons." He added that "weapons based on new physical principles have become a reality today." "The technologies themselves existed before, but only now are they beginning to be used in armaments, " the general hinted at the sources of technologies, referring to the systems developed in the USSR and modernized.
Note that since the mid-1950s, large-scale work has been carried out in the USSR to develop and test high-power laser weapons - as a means of direct destruction of targets in the interests of strategic anti-space and anti-missile defense. Because there is very little specific information, let's try to imagine what of the Soviet developments could be modernized and put into service ...
Let's list specific Soviet samples of laser weapons
The Stiletto was designed to disable the optoelectronic targeting systems of the enemy's weapons. Its potential targets are tanks, self-propelled artillery units and even low-flying helicopters. Having detected the target by means of radar, "Stiletto" produced its laser sounding, trying to detect optical equipment by means of flare lenses. Precisely localizing the "electronic eye", the device hit it with a powerful laser pulse, blinding or burning out a sensitive element (photocell, light-sensitive matrix or even the retina of an aiming soldier's eye).
SLK 1K17 "Compression" was put into service in 1992 and was much more perfect than the "Stilet". The first difference that catches the eye is the use of a multichannel laser. Each of the 12 optical channels (upper and lower row of lenses) had an individual guidance system. The multichannel scheme made it possible to make the laser setup multi-band. As a countermeasure to such systems, the enemy could protect his optics with light filters that block radiation of a certain frequency. But the filter is powerless against simultaneous damage by beams of different wavelengths.
The lenses in the middle row are referred to as aiming systems. The small and large lenses on the right are the probing laser and the receiving channel of the automatic targeting system. The same pair of lenses on the left are optical sights: a small day and a large night one. The night sight was equipped with two laser rangefinder illuminators. In the stowed position, both the optics of the guidance systems and the emitters were covered with armored shields.
The military apparatus that NPO Astrofizika can really be proud of, the KDKhR-1N Dal laser complex for remote chemical reconnaissance, was put into service in 1988.