Nineteen simple and successful techniques for developing attention and observation. By doing these exercises in between work, during breaks from work or during rest, you will significantly develop the stability and volume of your voluntary attention.
Attention is the concentration of the subject's activity at a given moment on some real or ideal object (object, event, image, reasoning, etc.). For most people, the attention span is 7 ± 2 units.
Attention is characterized by:
- firstly, volume, intensity, stability;
- secondly, fluctuations, switchability.
- involuntary (passive, emotional);
- arbitrary (active, strong-willed).
Conditions conducive to the development of voluntary attention:
1. Normal physical and mental condition.
2. Planned organization of work (creation of favorable external and internal conditions).
3. Clear goal setting.
4. A combination of mental and physical activities (eg, taking notes while reading).
5. Alternation of activities (for example, alternating reading of a textbook and a detective story).
Look at an unfamiliar picture for 3-4 seconds. List the details (items) that you remember.
- remembered less than 5 details - bad;
- remembered from 5 to 9 details - good;
- remembered more than 9 details - excellent.
What is the number of groups of three consecutive digits that add up to 15:
How many digits are simultaneously divisible by 3 and 2?
33; 74; 56; 66; eighteen
1. Set an alarm clock in front of the TV during an interesting program.
2. For 2 minutes, keep your attention only on the second hand, without being distracted by a TV program.
1. Take two markers.
2. Try drawing with both hands at the same time. And at the same time starting and ending. One hand is a circle, the other is a triangle. The circle should be as even as possible, and the triangle should have sharp corners.
3. Now try to draw in 1 minute. maximum circles and triangles.
4. Grading system:
- less than 5 - bad;
- 5-7 - average;
- 8-10 - good;
- more than 10 - excellent.
Exercise # 6
1. Draw a circle and a triangle at the same time with two different fingers of one hand.
2. Think of how to fix the markers, practice.
3. How many circles and triangles will you draw this way in 5 minutes?
4. Rate yourself:
- not a single one is bad;
- 1-3 - not bad;
- 4-5 - good;
- more than 5 - excellent.
Now draw in the same way, but different numbers: 1 and 2, or 2 and 3, or 3 and 4, etc.
Look for hidden names in the phrases (example: "Bring coffee to your uncle" - Fedya).
1. This lobster and apples are not tasty too. Nanny, give me fresh ones - in orange jelly!
2. May light does not interfere, but I feel bad from the early night.
3. Bring the hot peppers from the summer market, please!
4. I forged iron on a bright day.
Exercise # 9
1. Place an object in front of you.
2. Calmly and carefully look at it for several minutes.
3. Close your eyes and remember the thing in every detail.
4. Open your eyes and find the "missing" details.
5. Close your eyes.
6. Repeat this until you are able to perfectly reproduce the object in your memory.
Exercise # 10
1. Hide the item you used in the previous exercise.
2. Draw it in full detail.
3. Compare the original with the drawing.
Exercise # 11
1. Today, before going to bed, remember all the faces and objects that you encountered during the day.
2. Remember the words spoken to you during the past day. Repeat verbatim what was said.
3. Recall in memory the last meeting, lecture, etc. Recall the speeches, manners and gestures of the speakers, analyze them.
4. Give an assessment of your observation and memory.
Exercise # 12
1. "Simultaneous" means "instantaneous": in one instant, in one short flash of light, our brain is able to perceive (see, understand, process) a huge amount of information.
2. How can this be achieved? Workouts:
Palming for at least 10 minutes.
A short glance at a brightly lit page in order to see and identify as much information as possible.
Exercise # 13
1. Place seven different items on the table and cover them with something.
2. Remove the blanket, count slowly to ten, cover the items again, and describe the items on the paper as fully as possible.
3. Increase the number of items.
Exercise # 14
1. Go into an unfamiliar room.
2. Quickly look around and “photograph” in your mind as many features and objects as possible.
3. Go out and write down everything you saw. Compare the recorded with the original.
Exercise # 15
1. Imagine that you are studying an image, for example, of a moving car.
2. In doing so, evoke characteristic sound sensations.
3. Do this whenever you need to remember something thoroughly.
Exercise # 16
1. Take any poem.
2. Highlight phrases in it.
3. For each phrase, ask a few questions. Do this whenever you need to remember something well.
Exercise # 17
1. Determine your route from point A to point B.
2. Walk this path, noticing all the bright signs.
3. Make a map of unusual signs.
Exercise # 18
Observe several objects at the same time, equally well perceiving each of them, while concentrating your attention on the object that you choose as the main one.
Exercise # 19
Stanislavsky divided the entire space of attention into three circles:
- large - all visible and perceived space (in a theater - the entire auditorium);
- middle - a circle of direct communication and orientation (in a theater - a stage with actors);
- small - the person himself and the nearest space (in the theater - the artist himself and the nearest space in which he plays a role).
Vladimir Levy added a fourth circle: the inner psychological space of a person.
1. Imagine that you have a powerful searchlight in your head.
2. Select a point in the large circle and a point on the border of the small and inner.
3. Swing the spotlight beam from one point to another and back. In this case, extremely tenaciously "dig in" at the selected points.