Pyramid of Cheops is the only structure of the seven wonders of the world that has survived to this day. The pyramid firmly held the lead as the tallest building in the world for 4000 years. Despite the fact that the construction of ancient temples at that time was in full swing, no one was able to build a structure higher and larger than the pyramid of Cheops.
Pharaoh Huru, better known to us by his Greek name Cheops, was one of the most significant rulers of the Egyptian kingdom. The construction of the pyramid lasted until 2580 BC. According to the project of the Cheops pyramid, many pyramids were also built. The first after the erection of the pyramid of Cheops were the pyramids for the son and grandson of the greatest pharaoh, then for their wives. But, despite the fact that the pyramids were built already later, they had a smaller scope, were less tall and pompous.
On the banks of the Nile there was a special place, sacred for all Egyptians, a cemetery of ancient kings and pharaohs, the Giza valley. It was there that the Cheops pyramid and other pyramids were built. On the right bank is the capital of Egypt, the city of Cairo. Archaeological excavations and research make it possible to judge that the construction of the pyramid lasted about 20 years, and more than 100, 000 slaves were involved in its construction. The pyramid was erected from stone, rectangular blocks, which were cut out of the rock in advance and delivered to the construction site using ramps, ramparts and various technical devices. The work was not easy, because the weight of such a block was no less than 2.5 tons. Further, already on the spot, the blocks were adjusted to the desired size and assembled into a single structure.
In addition to basic construction work, the pyramid was faced with slabs of polished white limestone. This made it possible to smooth out the stepped texture of the pyramid and make it almost smooth. Fragments of polished stone were so precisely fitted one under the other that the texture of the pyramid smoothed out mirror-like, the gaps between the stones were simply not noticeable. After the completion of all construction and finishing works, the pyramid had a height of 147 meters. To this day, the facing with limestone slabs has been preserved only on one of the small pyramids, but this also gives us the opportunity to imagine how magnificent it looked then.
The area of the Cheops pyramid is simply huge, for comparison, it is equal to about nine football fields. Unfortunately, not the entire pyramid has survived to this day; over time, it collapsed under the influence of winds and the top of the pyramid collapsed. The length of the base of the pyramid is 230 meters.
According to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians, the body of a recently deceased person must be embalmed and mummified, and then his spirit remains to live forever. The body of Pharaoh Khufu underwent such a procedure after death. All organs were removed from the body, after which it was smeared with salt and oils for mummification. Since the mummification procedure was the lot of the nobility and was not available to mere mortals due to its high cost, the exact recipe for balsamic solutions was kept in strict confidence. The body was wrapped in linen sheets for better air access. This is how the mummification process took place.
After the mummification, the pharaoh's talo was placed in a beautiful sarcophagus, which was already a work of art in itself. The Egyptians believed that for the afterlife, a person may need many earthly things, which is why she collected clothes, dishes, jewelry, food and other devices and things in the tombs in order to make the afterlife of a person comfortable.