The study of the history of vocabulary and the origin of words is engaged in an interesting science - etymology. And in this article she will introduce us to 10 Russian words of unusual origin.
The word comes from the name "Vauxhall" - a small park and entertainment center near London. The Russian tsar, who visited this place, fell in love with it - in particular, the railway. Subsequently, he commissioned British engineers to build a small railway from St. Petersburg to his country residence. One of the stations on this section of the railway was named "Vokzal", and this name later became the Russian word for any railway station.
The word bully is of English origin. According to one of the versions, the surname Houlihan was once borne by a famous London brawler, which caused a lot of trouble for the residents of the city and the police. The surname has become a household name, and the word international, characterizing a person who grossly violates public order.
Until the 16th century, Europeans had no idea about oranges at all. Russians - even more so. Oranges don't grow here! And then the Portuguese seafarers brought these delicious orange balls from China. And they began to trade them with their neighbors. In Dutch, "apple" is appel, and "Chinese" is sien. The word appelsien, borrowed from the Dutch language, is a translation of the French phrase Pomme de Chine - "apple from China".
It is known that in the old days they were treated with various conspiracies and spells. The ancient medicine man said to the patient something like this: "Go away, disease, into the quicksands, into the dense forests ..." And he muttered different words over the sick one. The word doctor is originally Slavic and is derived from the word "vrati", which means "to speak", "to speak." It is interesting that from the same word comes “to lie”, which for our ancestors also meant “to speak”. It turns out that in ancient times, doctors lied? Yes, only this word did not initially contain a negative meaning.
Ancient Russia did not know the Turkic word "pocket", because money was then carried in special purses - purses. From the word "purse" and produced "swindler" - a specialist in thefts from the scrotum.
The word "restaurant" means "strengthening" in French. This name was given to one of the Parisian taverns by its visitors in the 18th century after the owner of the establishment Boulanger introduced nutritious meat broth into the range of offered dishes.
The word "shit" comes from the Proto-Slavic "govno", which means "cow" and was originally associated only with cow "cakes". "Beef" - "cattle", hence "beef", "beef". By the way, from the same Indo-European root and the English name of the cow - cow, as well as the shepherd of these cows - cowboy. That is, the expression "fucking cowboy" is not accidental, it has a deep family connection.
One of the versions is that the Russian word "heaven" comes from "no, no" and "demon, demons" - literally a place free from evil / demons. However, another interpretation is probably closer to the truth. Most Slavic languages have words that look like "sky", and they are most likely derived from the Latin word "cloud" (nebula).
In the Soviet Union, a famous manufacturer of rubber slippers was the Polymer plant in the town of Slantsy, Leningrad Region. Many buyers assumed that the word "Slates" embossed on the soles was the name of the shoe. Further, the word entered the active vocabulary and became a synonym for the word "slippers".
In the late 17th century, French physician Gali Mathieu treated his patients with jokes.
He gained such popularity that he did not keep up with all the visits and sent his healing puns by mail.
This is how the word "nonsense" arose, which at that time meant - a healing joke, a pun.
The doctor immortalized his name, but now this concept has a completely different meaning.