It is always pleasant to realize that something can still be built in our country that has no analogues in other world powers. One such example is the AS-12 submarine, which was unofficially dubbed Losharik during its construction because of its modular structure, which makes it look like a character from the cartoon of the same name.
Despite the fact that there is a lot of talk and writing about the Losharik submarine, there is still not a single official photograph of it anywhere, and under all available photographs there is a caption with the words “possibly” or “probably”. Accordingly, this gives rise to a lot of rumors and speculation. Let us, if possible, figure out which of the statements is hearsay and which is not quite.
Layout of the carrier boat and Losharik
It is known that the creation of such a submarine began in 1988, it is known that due to the crisis in the 90s, it was stopped, it is known that in 2000 the process was restarted and, finally, in August 2003, the submarine was launched. It is also known that it is equipped with an autonomous nuclear reactor, a 10 thousand hp engine. and it includes 25 officers. Further, the data is already marked "not verified".
Presumably in the photo AGS AS-12 "Losharik"
The immersion depth of the submarine, declared as 1000 meters, in different sources easily changes by 6 thousand. Under the conditions that Losharik performed work at a depth of 2, 5-3 thousand meters in the Arctic Ocean. At the same time, the submerged speed of the boat is 30 knots. Unsurprisingly, Western countries got nervous. It's just that at such a depth and relative noiselessness of the submarine, it becomes practically invulnerable. For not a single hydroacoustician will be able to hear it. Consequently, we have in our hands an almost perfect reconnaissance tool.
The AS-12 design consists of several spherical chambers made of titanium. Outside, the polyspherical construction is wrapped in a light classic body. This design allows the boat to withstand pressure at very great depths.
The structure of Losharik implements the principle of a bathysphere
The total displacement of the boat is 2000 tons, and another submarine, specially converted for this purpose, is used as its carrier. It is called BS-136 Orenburg. For long-term movements, a carrier is used, and in the future Losharik already floats himself. Given its ability to be under water for several months.
PLA-carrier pr.09786 BS-136 "Orenburg"
Another feature of the AS-12 submarine is the following. Despite the fact that she is assigned to the Northern Fleet of Russia, she does not obey his command. The submarine is directly subordinate to the Ministry of Defense and is part of the Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Which is also referred to as "deep sea exploration".
With all this, Losharik is not a military vessel. According to the official classification, the boat is listed as a nuclear deep-water station. There is not a single gun or torpedo launcher on board. There are only tools for soil sampling, sonar and some other devices related to scientific activities. But everyone understands perfectly well that in the event of a military conflict, all these instruments from the bow easily transform ... turn into ... elegant shorts.